Violent Media and Children’s ADHD-Related Behavior: Testing a Disposition-Content Congruency Model

Violent Media and Children’s ADHD-Related Behavior: Testing a Disposition-Content Congruency Model
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Abstract:

The aim of this study was to investigate children’s genetic susceptibility to the effects of media violence on ADHD-related behaviors. Therefore, we proposed and tested a model hypothesizing the joint occurrence of a gene-environment correlation (i.e., genetic predisposition increases the consumption of media violence) and a gene-environment interaction (genetic predisposition moderates the effects of media violence on ADHD-related behaviors). This model was tested using questionnaire and DNA data of 1,208 children between five and eight years. The examined gene was the 5-HTT gene, which has often been associated with ADHD. Findings demonstrated a gene-environment correlation, in that the “long” allele of the 5-HTT gene was associated with greater violent media use, which in turn was linked to more ADHD-related behaviors. The 5-HTT gene did not moderate the effects of media violence on ADHD-related behaviors. Our findings illustrate the importance of including differential susceptibility variables when studying media effects.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

media (136), behavior (124), adhd (117), violent (108), children (108), relat (101), adhd-rel (85), use (82), gene (60), studi (56), doi (55), effect (43), j (42), m (39), 5 (36), genet (33), p (31), environ (31), relationship (30), d (29), c (28),

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Association:

Name: International Communication AssociationURL: http://www.icahdq.org

Citation:
MLA Citation:
Nikkelen, Sanne., Valkenburg, Patti., Vossen, Helen. and Huizinga, Mariette."Violent Media and Children’s ADHD-Related Behavior: Testing a Disposition-Content Congruency Model" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Sheraton Phoenix Downtown, Phoenix, AZ, May 24, 2012 . 2014-01-09
APA Citation:
Nikkelen, S. , Valkenburg, P. M., Vossen, H. and Huizinga, M. , 2012-05-24 "Violent Media and Children’s ADHD-Related Behavior: Testing a Disposition-Content Congruency Model" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Sheraton Phoenix Downtown, Phoenix, AZOnline . 2014-01-09 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p553021_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished ManuscriptReview Method: Peer ReviewedAbstract: The aim of this study was to investigate children’s genetic susceptibility to the effects of media violence on ADHD-related behaviors. Therefore, we proposed and tested a model hypothesizing the joint occurrence of a gene-environment correlation (i.e., genetic predisposition increases the consumption of media violence) and a gene-environment interaction (genetic predisposition moderates the effects of media violence on ADHD-related behaviors). This model was tested using questionnaire and DNA data of 1,208 children between five and eight years. The examined gene was the 5-HTT gene, which has often been associated with ADHD. Findings demonstrated a gene-environment correlation, in that the “long” allele of the 5-HTT gene was associated with greater violent media use, which in turn was linked to more ADHD-related behaviors. The 5-HTT gene did not moderate the effects of media violence on ADHD-related behaviors. Our findings illustrate the importance of including differential susceptibility variables when studying media effects.

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