The Board is:
- An independent, bipartisan agency within the executive branch established by the Implementing Recommendations of the 9/11 Commission Act, Pub. L. 110-53, signed into law in August 2007.
- Comprised of four part-time members and a full-time chairman.
- Committed to making information available to the public through a website and, to the greatest extent possible, making its reports and recommendations available to the American people.
- The successor to the Board created within the Executive Office of the President under the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004.
The Board is vested with two fundamental authorities:
- To review and analyze actions the executive branch takes to protect the Nation from terrorism, ensuring the need for such actions is balanced with the need to protect privacy and civil liberties.
- To ensure that liberty concerns are appropriately considered in the development and implementation of laws, regulations, and policies related to efforts to protect the Nation against terrorism.
To meet its mission, the Board must:
- Provide advice to the President and executive branch agencies and departments on policy development and implementation.
- Oversee certain actions, regulations, policies, and procedures of the executive branch.
- When appropriate, coordinate the activities of federal agency privacy and civil liberties officers on relevant interagency matters.
- Report to the Congress twice each year on its activities.
The Board is authorized to:
- Access all relevant executive agency records, reports, audits, reviews, documents, papers, recommendations.
- Access relevant materials, including classified information.
- Interview, take statements from, or take public testimony from any executive branch officer or employee.
- Request in writing that the Attorney General subpoena on the Board's behalf persons (other than departments, agencies, and elements of the executive branch) to produce relevant information.