Systemic discrimination refers to patterns of behavior, policies or practices that are part of the structures of an organization, and which create or perpetuate disadvantage for racialized persons. It has a broad impact on an industry, profession, company, or geographic area.
Examples of systemic practices include:
a. discriminatory barriers in recruitment and hiring;
b. discriminatorily restricted access to management trainee programs and to high level jobs;
c. exclusion of qualified women from traditionally male dominated fields of work; disability discrimination such as unlawful pre-employment inquiries;
d. age discrimination in reductions in force and retirement benefits; and
e. compliance with customer preferences that result in discriminatory placement or assignments.