Tammy Duckworth - Wikipedia

Ladda Tammy Duckworth (born March 12, 1968) is an American politician and former U.S. Army lieutenant colonel who has served as the junior United States Senator for Illinois since 2017. A member of the Democratic Party, she represented Illinois's 8th district in the United States House of Representatives from 2013 to 2017. Before election to office, she served as Assistant Secretary for Public and Intergovernmental Affairs in the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (2009–11) and Director of the Illinois Department of Veterans Affairs (2006–09). Duckworth was elected to the U.S. Senate in 2016, defeating Republican incumbent Mark Kirk.[2]

Tammy Duckworth

United States Senator
from Illinois
Assumed office
January 3, 2017
Preceded by Mark Kirk
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois's 8th district
In office
January 3, 2013 – January 3, 2017
Preceded by Joe Walsh
Succeeded by Raja Krishnamoorthi
Assistant Secretary of Veterans Affairs for Public and Intergovernmental Affairs
In office
April 24, 2009 – June 30, 2011
PresidentBarack Obama
Preceded by Lisette Mondello
Succeeded by Michael Galloucis
Director of the Illinois Department of Veterans Affairs
In office
November 21, 2006 – February 8, 2009
GovernorRod Blagojevich
Pat Quinn
Preceded by Roy Dolgos
Succeeded by Daniel Grant
Personal details

Ladda Tammy Duckworth

( 1968-03-12 ) March 12, 1968 (age 52)
Bangkok, Thailand
Political partyDemocratic

Bryan Bowlsbey (m. 1993)

EducationUniversity of Hawaii at Manoa (BA)
George Washington University (MA)

Northern Illinois UniversityCapella University (PhD)

Website Senate website
Military service
Allegiance   United States
Branch/service   United States Army
Years of service1992–2014
Rank Lieutenant Colonel
Unit Illinois Army National Guard
106th Aviation Regiment, 28th Infantry Division
Battles/warsIraq War (WIA)
Awards Purple Heart
Meritorious Service Medal
Air Medal
Army Commendation Medal with Oak leaf cluster
National Defense Service Medal
Army Reserve Components Achievement Medal with four Oak leaf clusters
Army Service Ribbon
Combat Action Badge
Senior Army Aviator Badge
Dame Grand Cross (First Class) of the Order of the Crown of Thailand[1]

Duckworth was the first Thai-American woman elected to Congress, the first born in Thailand elected to Congress, the first woman with a disability to be elected to Congress, the first female double amputee in the Senate, and the first Senator to give birth while in office. Duckworth is the second Asian American woman serving in the U.S. Senate, after Mazie Hirono, and before Kamala Harris.

A combat veteran of the Iraq War, Duckworth served as a U.S. Army helicopter pilot and suffered severe combat wounds, which caused her to lose both of her legs and some mobility in her right arm. She was the first female double amputee from the war.[3] Despite her grievous injuries, she sought and obtained a medical waiver that allowed her to continue serving as a lieutenant colonel in the Illinois Army National Guard along with her husband, Major Bryan W. Bowlsbey, a signal officer and fellow Iraq War veteran. Both have since retired from the armed forces.[4]

Early life and education Edit

Tammy Duckworth was born in Bangkok, Thailand, the daughter of Lamai Sompornpairin and Franklin Duckworth. Her father, who died in 2005, was a U.S. Army veteran[5][better source needed ] who traced his family's American roots to the American Revolutionary War.[6] Her mother is Thai Chinese.[7] Because of her father's work with the United Nations and international companies in refugee, housing, and development programs,[8] the family moved around Southeast Asia. Duckworth became fluent in Thai and Indonesian, in addition to English.[9]

Duckworth attended Singapore American School, and for a few months in her senior year was at the International School Bangkok, and was in the class of 1985 at Jakarta Intercultural School[10][11] (then known as Jakarta International School). The family settled in Hawaii when she was sixteen. Her father became unemployed for a time, and the family relied on public assistance.[8] She graduated with honors from McKinley High School in Honolulu, Hawaii, in 1985, having skipped the ninth grade. She graduated from the University of Hawaii in 1989 with a Bachelor of Arts in political science and later received a Master of Arts in international affairs from George Washington University's Elliott School of International Affairs.[12] She completed a PhD in Human Services at Capella University in March 2015.[13]

Military service Edit


Captain Duckworth in 2000

Following in the footsteps of her father, who served in World War II, and ancestors who served in the Revolutionary War,[5] Duckworth joined the Army Reserve Officers' Training Corps as a graduate student at George Washington University in 1990. She became a commissioned officer in the United States Army Reserve in 1992 and chose to fly helicopters because it was one of the few combat jobs open to women. As a member of the Army Reserve, she went to flight school, later transferring to the Army National Guard and entering the Illinois Army National Guard in 1996.[14] Duckworth also worked as a staff supervisor at Rotary International headquarters in Evanston, Illinois[15][16] and was the coordinator of the Center for Nursing Research at Northern Illinois University.[17]

Duckworth was working towards a Ph.D. in political science at Northern Illinois University, with research interests in the political economy and public health in southeast Asia, when she was deployed to Iraq in 2004.[15] She lost her right leg near the hip and her left leg below the knee[18] from injuries sustained on November 12, 2004, when the UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter she was co-piloting was hit by a rocket-propelled grenade fired by Iraqi insurgents.[19] She was the first American female double amputee from the Iraq War.[3] The explosion severely broke her right arm and tore tissue from it, necessitating major surgery to repair it.[5][5] Duckworth received a Purple Heart on December 3 and was promoted to Major on December 21 at the Walter Reed Army Medical Center, where she was presented with an Air Medal and Army Commendation Medal.[19] She retired from the Illinois Army National Guard in October 2014 as a lieutenant colonel.[20]

The Daughters of the American Revolution erected a statue with Duckworth's likeness and that of the Revolution's Molly Pitcher in Mount Vernon, Illinois, in 2011.[5] The statue was dedicated in honor of female veterans.[5][21]

Government service Edit


Duckworth being sworn in as Assistant Secretary of Public and Intergovernmental Affairs for the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, by Judge

John J. Farley

with her husband Bryan Bowlsbey beside her

On November 21, 2006, several weeks after losing her first congressional campaign, Duckworth was appointed Director of the Illinois Department of Veterans Affairs by Governor Rod Blagojevich.[22][23][24] Duckworth served in that position until February 8, 2009. While she was Director, she was credited with starting a program to help veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and veterans with brain injury.[25]

On September 17, 2008, Duckworth attended a campaign event for Dan Seals, the Democratic candidate for Illinois's 10th congressional district. Duckworth used vacation time, but violated Illinois law by going to the event in a state-owned van which was equipped for a person with physical disabilities. She acknowledged the mistake and repaid the state for the use of the van.[26]

In 2009, two Illinois Department of Veterans Affairs employees at the Anna Veterans' Home in Union County filed a lawsuit against Duckworth.[27] The lawsuit alleged that Duckworth wrongfully terminated one employee and threatened and intimidated another for bringing reports of abuse and misconduct of veterans when she was head of the Illinois Department of Veterans Affairs.[28] Duckworth was represented in the suit by the Illinois Attorney General's office.[29] The case was dismissed twice but refilings were allowed.[30] The court set a tentative trial date of August 2016 and rejected the final motion to dismiss.[31] The state announced that it had settled the case in June 2016 for $26,000 with no admission of wrongdoing.[30] Although the plaintiffs later indicated they no longer wanted to settle, the judge gave them 21 days to sign the settlement and canceled the trial.[32][33]

Also in 2009, the Illinois Auditor General released an audit of the Veteran's Affairs department. Some issues noted by the audit predated Duckworth's tenure, while the majority of the audit covered Duckworth's tenure.[34] Findings of the audit included a fiscal year 2007 report that was not completed on time, failure to conduct annual reviews of benefits received by Illinois veterans, and failure to establish a task force to study the possible health effects of exposure to hazardous materials. The routine audit covered a two-year period, June 2006 to June 2008, and the findings were described by the auditor's department as "typical" in its audits.[35]

On February 3, 2009, Duckworth was nominated to be the Assistant Secretary of Public and Intergovernmental Affairs for the United States Department of Veterans Affairs.[36] The United States Senate confirmed her for the position on April 22.[37] Duckworth resigned from her position in June 2011 in order to launch her campaign for the U.S. House of Representatives in Illinois's 8th Congressional District.[38]

U.S. House of Representatives Edit

Elections Edit

Duckworth spoke at the 2008, 2012, and 2016 Democratic National Conventions.[39][40][41]

2006 Edit

After longtime incumbent Republican Henry Hyde announced his retirement from Congress, several candidates began campaigning for the open seat. Duckworth won the Democratic primary with a plurality of 44%, defeating 2004 nominee Christine Cegelis with 40%, and Wheaton College professor Lindy Scott with 16%. State Senator Peter Roskam was unopposed in the Republican primary. For the general election, Duckworth was endorsed by EMILY's List, a political action committee that supports female Democratic candidates who back abortion rights.[42] Duckworth was also endorsed by the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence and the Fraternal Order of Police.[43][44] While she raised $4.5 million to Roskam's $3.44 million, Duckworth lost by 4,810 votes, receiving 49% to Roskam's 51%.[45]

2012 Edit


Duckworth as a U.S. Representative during the 113th congress

In July 2011, Duckworth launched her campaign to run in 2012 for Illinois's 8th congressional district. She defeated former Deputy Treasurer of Illinois Raja Krishnamoorthi for the Democratic nomination on March 20, 2012, then faced incumbent Republican Joe Walsh in the general election.[46] Duckworth received the endorsement of both the Chicago Tribune and the Daily Herald.[47][48] Walsh generated controversy when in July 2012, at a campaign event, he accused Duckworth of politicizing her military service and injuries, saying "my God, that's all she talks about. Our true heroes, the men and women who served us, it's the last thing in the world they talk about." Walsh called the controversy over his comments "a political ploy to distort my words and distract voters" and said that "Of course Tammy Duckworth is a hero ... I have called her a hero hundreds of times."[49]

On November 6, 2012, Duckworth defeated Walsh 55%–45%.[50] She became the first woman with a disability to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, and the first member of Congress born in Thailand.[51]

2014 Edit

In the 2014 general election, Duckworth faced Republican Larry Kaifesh, a United States Marine Corps officer who had recently left active duty as a colonel.[52] Duckworth defeated Kaifesh with 56% of the vote.[53]

Tenure Edit

Duckworth was sworn into office on January 3, 2013.[54]

On April 3, 2013, Duckworth publicly returned 8.4% ($1,218) of her congressional salary for that month to the United States Department of Treasury in solidarity with furloughed government workers.[55]

On June 26, 2013, during a hearing of the House Oversight and Government Reform Committee, Duckworth received national media attention after questioning Strong Castle CEO Braulio Castillo on a $500 million government contract the company had been awarded based on Castillo's disabled veteran status.[56][57]

House committee assignments Edit

U.S. Senate Edit

2016 election Edit

On March 30, 2015, Duckworth announced that she would challenge incumbent U.S. Senator Mark Kirk for his seat in the 2016 Senate election in Illinois.[58] Duckworth defeated fellow Democrats Andrea Zopp and Napoleon Harris in the primary election on March 15, 2016.[59]

During a televised debate on October 27, 2016, Duckworth talked about her ancestors' past service in the United States military. Kirk responded, "I'd forgotten that your parents came all the way from Thailand to serve George Washington." The comment led to the Human Rights Campaign withdrawing their endorsement of Kirk and switching it to Duckworth, stating his comments were "deeply offensive and racist."[60][61]

On November 8, Duckworth defeated Kirk 54 percent to 40 percent to win the Senate seat.[62] Duckworth and Kamala Harris, who was also elected in 2016, are the second and third female Asian American senators, after Mazie Hirono who was elected in 2012.[2]

Tenure Edit

In January 2018, following a federal government shut down after the Senate could not agree on a funding bill, Duckworth responded to President Trump's accusations that the Democrats were putting "unlawful immigrants" ahead of the military:

I spent my entire adult life looking out for the well-being, the training, the equipping of the troops for whom I was responsible. Sadly, this is something that the current occupant of the Oval Office does not seem to care to do — and I will not be lectured about what our military needs by a five-deferment draft dodger. And I have a message for Cadet Bone Spurs: If you cared about our military, you'd stop baiting Kim Jong Un into a war that could put 85,000 American troops, and millions of innocent civilians, in danger.[63]

Duckworth became the first U.S. Senator to give birth while in office in 2018.[64] Shortly afterward, the Senate passed Senate Resolution 463, which was introduced by Duckworth on April 12, 2018.[65] The Senate passed Senate Resolution 463 by unanimous consent and Senate rules were changed so that a Senator has the right to bring a child under one year old on the Senate floor during votes.[66] The day after those rules were changed, Maile became the first baby on the Senate floor when Duckworth brought her.[65][67]

According to The Center for Effective Lawmaking (CEL), a joint partnership between the University of Virginia's Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and Vanderbilt University,[68] Duckworth achieved a "Legislative Effectiveness Score" (LES) of "Exceeds Expectations" as a freshman Senator in the 115th Congress (2017-2018). In the 115th Congress, Duckworth's LES ranked 11th highest out of 48 Democratic Senators.[69] On April 15, 2020, the Trump administration invited Duckworth to join a bipartisan task force on the reopening of the economy amid the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.[70]

Senate committee assignments Edit

Caucus memberships Edit

Political positions Edit

Environment Edit

In April 2019, Duckworth was one of twelve senators to sign a bipartisan letter to top senators on the Appropriations Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development advocating for the Energy Department to be granted with maximum funding for carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS), citing American job growth could be stimulated through investment in creating viable options to capture carbon emissions released into the atmosphere and expressing disagreement with the 2020 budget request of President Trump that called for combining the two federal programs that include carbon capture research.[72]

Foreign policy Edit


Duckworth narrates the

Salute to Fallen Asian Pacific Islander Heroes


Arlington, Virginia

, June 2, 2005.

During her unsuccessful congressional campaign in 2006, Duckworth called on Congress to audit the estimated $437 billion spent on overseas military and foreign aid since September 11, 2001.[73]

On September 30, 2006, Duckworth gave the Democratic Party's response to President George W. Bush's weekly radio address. In it, she was critical of Bush's strategy for the Iraq War.[74]

In October 2006, The Sunday Times reported that Duckworth agreed with General Sir Richard Dannatt, the British Army chief, that the presence of coalition troops was exacerbating the conflict in Iraq.[75]

In May 2019, Duckworth was a cosponsor of the South China Sea and East China Sea Sanctions Act, a bipartisan bill reintroduced by Marco Rubio and Ben Cardin that was intended to disrupt China's consolidation or expansion of its claims of jurisdiction over both the sea and air space in disputed zones in the South China Sea.[76]

Gun law Edit

Duckworth was rated by the National Rifle Association as having a pro-gun control congressional voting record.[77] Duckworth, who is a gun owner herself, cites violence in Chicago as a major influence for her support of gun control. She supports universal background checks and the halting of state-to-state gun trafficking.[78]

Duckworth participated in the 2016 Chris Murphy gun control filibuster. During the sit-in, Duckworth hid her mobile phone in her prosthetic leg to avoid it being taken away from her since taking pictures and recording on the House floor is against policy.[78]

In a 2016 interview with GQ magazine, Duckworth stated that gaining control of the Senate and "closing the gap" in the House would be necessary in order to pass common sense gun laws. She also stated that she believed moderate Republicans, who support common sense gun control, would have more power to influence gun control if they were not "pushed aside by those folks who are absolutely beholden to the NRA. And so we never get the vote."[78]

In response to the 2017 Las Vegas shooting, Duckworth stated that "My heart goes out to the victims of the tragic shooting in Las Vegas last night and their loved ones. Such senseless and horrifying acts of violence have no place in America or any other nation."[79]

Health policy Edit

Duckworth supports abortion rights[80][81] and the Affordable Care Act.[82]

Immigration Edit

Duckworth supports comprehensive immigration reform with a pathway to citizenship for those in the country illegally. She would admit 100,000 Syrian refugees into the United States.[82]

In August 2018, Duckworth was one of seventeen senators to sign a letter spearheaded by Kamala Harris to United States Secretary of Homeland Security Kirstjen Nielsen demanding that the Trump administration take immediate action in attempting to reunite 539 migrant children with their families, citing each passing day of inaction as intensifying "trauma that this administration has needlessly caused for children and their families seeking humanitarian protection."[83]

Electoral history Edit

Illinois 6th Congressional District Democratic Primary, 2006[84]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic L. Tammy Duckworth 14,283 43.85
Democratic Christine Cegelis 13,159 40.40
Democratic Lindy Scott 5,133 15.76
Total votes 32,575 100.0
Illinois 6th Congressional District General Election, 2006[85]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Peter J. Roskam 91,382 51.35
Democratic L. Tammy Duckworth 86,572 48.65
Write-in votes Patricia Elaine Beard 3 0.00
Total votes 177,957 100.0
Illinois 8th Congressional District General Election, 2014[88]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tammy Duckworth (incumbent) 84,178 55.73
Republican Larry Kaifesh 66,878 44.27
Total votes 151,056 100.0
Illinois U.S. Senator (Class III) General Election, 2016[90]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Tammy Duckworth 3,012,940 54.86
Republican Mark Steven Kirk (incumbent) 2,184,692 39.78
Libertarian Kenton McMillen 175,988 3.20
Green Scott Summers 117,619 2.14
Write-in votes Chad Koppie 408 0.01
Write-in votes Jim Brown 106 0.00
Write-in votes Christopher Aguayo 77 0.00
Write-in votes Susana Sandoval 42 0.00
Write-in votes Eric Kufi James Stewart 5 0.00
Write-in votes Patricia Beard 1 0.00
Total votes 5,491,878 100.0

Charity work Edit

Duckworth helped establish the Intrepid Foundation to help injured veterans.[91]

Awards and accolades Edit

In May 2010, Duckworth was awarded an honorary doctorate by Northern Illinois University.[92]

In 2011, Duckworth was honored by Chicago's Access Living for her work on behalf of veterans with disabilities.[93]

Former Republican presidential candidate and Senator from Kansas Bob Dole dedicated his autobiography One Soldier's Story in part to Duckworth.[94] Duckworth credits Dole for inspiring her to pursue public service, while she recuperated at Walter Reed Army Medical Center; although, in 2006, Dole endorsed Duckworth's Republican opponent, Peter Roskam.[95]

Personal life Edit

Duckworth is married to Bryan Bowlsbey. The couple has two daughters: Abigail, who was born in 2014,[96] and Maile, born in 2018.[97] Maile's birth made Duckworth the first U.S. Senator to give birth while in office.[97][98] Former senator Daniel Akaka (Democrat of Hawaii) helped the couple with the naming of both daughters; Akaka died April 6, 2018, three days before Maile was born.[99] Shortly after Maile's birth, a Senate rule change permitted senators to bring children under one year old on the Senate floor to breastfeed.[65] The day after the rule change, Duckworth brought Maile with her during the casting of a Senate vote, making Duckworth the first senator to cast a vote while holding a baby.[65][67]

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ "ประกาศสำนักนายกรัฐมนตรี เรื่อง พระราชทานเครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์ให้แก่ชาวต่างประเทศ (พันตรีหญิง ลัดดา แทมมี ดั๊กเวิร์ด)" [Announcement of the Prime Minister's Office on granting decorations to foreigners (Major Ladda Tammy Duckworth)] (PDF) . Royal Thai Government Gazette (in Thai). January 15, 2010.
  2. ^ a b House, Jennifer Bendery White (November 8, 2016). "Tammy Duckworth Takes Back Obama's Illinois Senate Seat For Democrats". The Huffington Post . Retrieved November 9, 2016 .
  3. ^ a b O'Toole, Molly (May 14, 2012). "Unseen: Trailblazing Military Women Forced To Fight For Recognition, Equal Treatment". The Huffington Post.
  4. ^ Brown, Mark (February 14, 2007). "Duckworth's husband Iraq-bound". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on February 24, 2007 . Retrieved March 27, 2007 .
  5. ^ a b c d e f "Franklin G. Duckworth, Captain, United States Army". Arlington National Cemetery Website. February 9, 2009 . Retrieved January 26, 2018 .
  6. ^ Kravitz, Derek. "Yes, Tammy Duckworth's Family Has Served in the Military for Centuries". ProPublica . Retrieved June 28, 2020 .
  7. ^ Adam Weinstein (September–October 2012). "Nobody Puts Tammy Duckworth in a Corner". Mother Jones . Retrieved January 4, 2012 .
  8. ^ a b Chase, John (November 9, 2016). "Duckworth reaches pinnacle of Senate nearly 12 years to day after Iraq crash". Chicago Tribune . Retrieved November 13, 2016 .
  9. ^ Felsenthal, Carol (May 11, 2012). " ' Nothing to Lose': Tammy Duckworth on Her Quest to Go to Congress". Chicago . Retrieved April 6, 2019 .
  10. ^ "JIS Alumni". Jakarta Intercultural School . Retrieved January 8, 2020 .
  11. ^ "Mau Sekolah Gratis di JIS? Begini Caranya". SkyeGrid Media (in Indonesian) . Retrieved January 8, 2020 .
  12. ^ Will Hoover (January 15, 2006). "Duckworth working to win". The Honolulu Advertiser.
  13. ^ "Countdown to commencement". capella.edu. Archived from the original on April 16, 2015.
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  16. ^ "Illinois lieutenant governor honors Rotary Centennial and RI employee". Rotary International. Archived from the original on June 8, 2007 . Retrieved July 10, 2007 .
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  23. ^ "Veterans".
  24. ^ Sweet, Lynn (November 21, 2006). "Gov picks Duckworth for Veterans Affairs". Chicago Sun-Times.
  25. ^ Abramson, Mark (October 20, 2008). "Veterans' advocate promotes PTSD site". Stars and Stripes.
  26. ^ Kuczka, Susan (September 18, 2008). "Official admits error using state van; Tammy Duckworth took time off from job as state Veterans Affairs director to attend a campaign event but ran into controversy". Chicago Tribune. p. 1.
  27. ^ "Employee lawsuit pops up in Walsh-Duckworth race". Chicago Tribune . Retrieved July 20, 2015 .
  28. ^ Kurt Erickson. "Duckworth whistleblower trial date set". The Quad-City Times . Retrieved July 20, 2015 .
  29. ^ "Morning Spin: Judge sets May date in Duckworth 'retaliation' lawsuit". Chicago Tribune. March 23, 2016 . Retrieved March 23, 2016 .
  30. ^ a b Pearson, Rick (June 24, 2016). "Workplace lawsuit against Tammy Duckworth settled". Chicago Tribune . Retrieved June 28, 2016 .
  31. ^ "Judge allows workplace case against Tammy Duckworth to go to trial". Chicago Tribune. May 12, 2016 . Retrieved May 13, 2016 .
  32. ^ Team, Fox Illinois News. "Judge Vacates Rep. Duckworth's Lawsuit".
  33. ^ "Duckworth lawsuit not going to trial Monday". August 12, 2016.
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  35. ^ Lester, Kerry (June 27, 2012). "Tea Party questions audit of VA under Duckworth". dailyherald.com . Retrieved October 28, 2016 .
  36. ^ "Duckworth Tapped for VA Assistant Secretary" (Press release). United States Department of Veterans Affairs. February 3, 2009. Archived from the original on April 8, 2009 . Retrieved April 3, 2009 .
  37. ^ "Senate Confirms Duckworth's Federal Nomination". Associated Press. April 23, 2009 . Retrieved January 4, 2012 .
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  39. ^ "Conventions 2008 – the Democrats". The Washington Post . Retrieved August 26, 2008 .
  40. ^ Burns, Alexander (August 21, 2012). "Ledbetter, Baldwin, Longoria to address Dem convention". Politico . Retrieved August 22, 2012 .
  41. ^ Pearson, Rick (September 4, 2012). "Duckworth touts Obama record at DNC convention". articles.chicagotribune.com . Retrieved November 12, 2014 .
  42. ^ Zeleny, Jeff; Biemer, John (May 12, 2006). "Duckworth praised for stance on abortion: EMILY'S List backs congressional hopeful". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on October 19, 2012.
  43. ^ Biemer, John; Parsons, Christi (October 11, 2006). "Gun law heats up race for Congress". Chicago Tribune.
  44. ^ Krol, Eric (October 11, 2006). "Duckworth takes aim at Roskam gun record". Daily Herald.
  45. ^ "Election 2006 Results: State Races, Illinois". CNN . Retrieved March 27, 2007 .
  46. ^ Sneed, Michael (July 6, 2011). "Tammy Duckworth running for Congress again, in redrawn 8th". Chicago Sun Times . Retrieved July 9, 2011 .
  47. ^ Editorial board (October 8, 2012). "For the House: Duckworth". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on May 16, 2012.
  48. ^ Editorial board (October 8, 2012). "Endorsement: Duckworth over Walsh in 8th Congressional District". Daily Herald.
  49. ^ Skiba, Katherine (July 3, 2012). "Walsh defends remarks on whether Duckworth is true hero". Chicago Tribune.
  50. ^ "2012 Election Results by State – Illinois". Politico.
  51. ^ Duaa Eldeib (November 10, 2012). "Duckworth the first Asian-American from Illinois in Congress". Chicago Tribune . Retrieved January 4, 2013 .
  52. ^ Hinz, Greg (November 4, 2013). "Marine veteran to take on U.S. Rep. Duckworth". Crain's Chicago Business . Retrieved January 24, 2015 .
  53. ^ "Illinois General Election 2014". Illinois State Board of Elections. November 4, 2014 . Retrieved February 24, 2015 .
  54. ^ Santostefano, Melanie (January 5, 2013). "Tammy Duckworth Sworn in to Congress". Palatine Patch . Retrieved February 5, 2016 .
  55. ^ Kiene, Chelsea (April 4, 2013). "Tammy Duckworth Returns Portion Of Salary In Sequestration Solidarity". The Huffington Post . Retrieved February 5, 2016 .
  56. ^ Graham, D. A. (June 27, 2013). "Tammy Duckworth's Impassioned Shaming of a Faux-Disabled Vet". The Atlantic . Retrieved June 27, 2013 .
  57. ^ Thompson, M. (June 27, 2013). "Service-Connected Dissembling". Time . Retrieved June 27, 2013 .
  58. ^ Gallardo, Michelle (March 30, 2015). "Tammy Duckworth Running Against Mark Kirk for US Senate". Chicago ABC 7 Eyewitness News . Retrieved March 30, 2015 .
  59. ^ Jordan, Karen (March 16, 2016). "Duckworth, Kirk win Illinois US Senate Primaries". Chicago ABC 7 Eyewitness News . Retrieved March 17, 2016 .
  60. ^ Morin, Rebecca (October 29, 2016). "Human Rights Campaign revokes Mark Kirk endorsement". Politico . Retrieved October 30, 2016 .
  61. ^ "HRC Revokes Endorsement Following Racist Comments of Senator Mark Kirk". Human Rights Campaign. October 29, 2016. Archived from the original on February 3, 2017 . Retrieved October 30, 2016 .
  62. ^ Pearson, Rick (November 9, 2016). "Duckworth claims victory over Kirk in U.S. Senate race". chicagotribune.com . Retrieved November 9, 2016 .
  63. ^ Carter, Brandon (January 20, 2018). "Duckworth slams Trump: I won't be lectured on military needs by a 'five-deferment draft dodger ' ". The Hill . Retrieved January 20, 2018 .
  64. ^ "Tammy Duckworth Becomes First U.S. Senator To Give Birth While In Office".
  65. ^ a b c d Serfaty, Sunlen. "Duckworth proposes rule allowing babies on Senate floor". CNN.
  66. ^ Serfaty, Sunlen (April 19, 2018). "Babies now allowed on Senate floor after rule change". CNN.
  67. ^ a b Viebeck, Elise (April 20, 2018). "A duckling onesie and a blazer: The Senate floor sees its first baby, but many traditions stand". The Washington Post . Retrieved April 20, 2018 .
  68. ^ "The Center for Effective Lawmaking". University of Virginia & Vanderbilt University . Retrieved May 3, 2020 .
  69. ^ "Highlights from the New 115th Congress Legislative Effectiveness Scores". The Center for Effective Lawmaking. February 27, 2019 . Retrieved May 3, 2020 . Finally, we note those new freshmen lawmakers who are off to a promising start in their first two years, scoring in our “Exceeds Expectations” category in their first term in office. Research suggests that performance in a lawmaker’s freshman term is highly correlated with subsequent lawmaking effectiveness, as well as with their overall career trajectory.

    Among them are two Senators (out of the eleven Senators in their freshman class), John Kennedy of Louisiana and Tammy Duckworth of Illinois. Kennedy sponsored 26 bills, including four that passed the Senate and eventually became law, on issues ranging from national flood insurance and small business disaster loans to mandatory disclosure of corrupt practices among lobbyists. Duckworth shepherded three of her 45 proposed bills into law, including the Veterans Small Business Enhancement Act of 2018.

  70. ^ Levine, Marianne; Ferris, Sarah; Zanona, Melanie (April 16, 2020). "White House taps members of Congress to advise on reopening economy". Politico . Retrieved April 16, 2020 .
  71. ^ "Members". Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus . Retrieved May 17, 2018 .
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